Abstract In the first half of the year, although China's new energy industry, represented by photovoltaics and wind power, has achieved rapid development, its development content and trends have presented different situations. The photovoltaic industry is affected by the slowdown in new construction and the subsidence policy, facing the reduction of power generation costs, optimizing the scale of development, and improving...

In the first half of the year, although China's new energy industry, represented by photovoltaics and wind power, has achieved rapid development, its development content and trends have presented different situations. The photovoltaic industry is affected by the slowdown in new construction and the subsidy policy, and faces severe challenges of reducing power generation costs, optimizing development scale, and improving operational quality. The wind power industry is accelerating the pace of development of offshore wind power and distributed wind power. Under the situation of declining installed capacity in two years, the situation has been reversed -

According to data released by the China Electricity Council, the newly built power generation capacity of the national infrastructure in the first half of this year was 52.11 million kilowatts, including 2.49 million kilowatts of hydropower, 15.15 million kilowatts of thermal power, 1.13 million kilowatts of nuclear power, 1.73 million kilowatts of wind power, and 25.81 million kilowatts of solar power. Solar power generation has invested 2.19 million kilowatts more than the same period of the previous year. The newly generated power generation capacity of solar power generation accounts for nearly half of the newly built power generation capacity of the nation's infrastructure.

In recent years, China's new energy industry, represented by photovoltaics and wind power, has achieved rapid development, and its installed capacity has ranked first in the world. The pursuit of high quality development has become a new goal of the industry. Since the first half of this year, with the introduction of a series of national guidelines and guidelines for guiding the development of the industry, we have put forward higher requirements for new energy development in terms of strict control of scale, upgrading of standards, and encouragement of local consumption. The new energy industry will From high-speed growth to high-quality development.

PV enters strategic adjustment period

Although the PV industry maintained a relatively fast growth momentum in the first half of the year, the industry has undoubtedly entered a strategic adjustment period. Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, and the National Energy Administration jointly issued the "Notice on Matters Related to Photovoltaic Power Generation in 2018", demanding a reasonable grasp of the pace of development, optimizing the scale of new construction of photovoltaic power generation, and temporarily not arranging the construction of ordinary photovoltaic power plants in 2018. Scale, before the state has not issued documents to start the construction of ordinary power stations, all localities may not arrange the construction of ordinary power stations that require state subsidies in any form. In addition, the intensity of photovoltaic power generation subsidies will be further reduced.

“China's photovoltaic power generation has experienced the stages of growth, industrialization and large-scale development. The current development needs to shift from expanding the scale to improving quality and efficiency, and promoting technological progress. It is necessary to promote from the perspective of more conducive to healthy and sustainable development. Technological progress, reducing power generation costs, reducing subsidy dependence, optimizing development scale, improving operational quality, and promoting orderly development and high-quality development of the industry.” Li Chuangjun, deputy director of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Department of the National Energy Administration, said this will become this year. And the basic ideas for the development of photovoltaic power generation in the coming period.

Although the New Deal has brought certain influences to the industry in the short term, leading companies have expressed their readiness to meet the challenges. “The company started to seek and upgrade its transformation as early as a few years ago.” Gao Jifan, chairman of Trina Solar, said that the current business of Trina Solar not only includes the manufacture and sales of photovoltaic modules, but also develops power station development and photovoltaic system solutions. Businesses such as energy storage, distribution of electricity, and energy Internet have diversified business relevance and enhanced their ability to resist risks.

Jing Jing, vice president of Jinko Energy, said that globalization is the core competitiveness of today's enterprises. Taking Jingke as an example, from the customs data, the company has ranked first in overseas exports for seven consecutive quarters, and its revenue from overseas markets has exceeded 70%. In addition to the revenue structure, Jingke has also completed a thorough integration of globalization and globalization in organization and team operations. Based on this, the shock of a single market has a relatively small impact on the global layout of the crystal.

Lin Jianwei, chairman of Zhonglai Co., also believes that the introduction of the New Deal will allow PV to gradually get rid of subsidies, and the industry will gradually move towards a new road of independent development, which will benefit the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry in the long run. In the current policy context, PV companies should further strengthen their own strength and strive to reduce the cost of photovoltaic power generation.

Wind power installed downturn was reversed

At the same time as the adjustment of the photovoltaic industry, the wind power industry has ushered in good news. Recently, the National Energy Administration released statistics from January to June on the national power industry. As of the end of June, the cumulative installed capacity of wind power in the country was 179.96 million kilowatts, and the cumulative average utilization hours was 1,143 hours, an increase of 159 hours compared with the same period of last year; Kilowatts, an increase of 1.52 million kilowatts year on year, an increase of 25.29% year-on-year, the growth rate reached a three-year high. This means that the continuous decline in China's wind power installed capacity in the past two years has been reversed.

At the same time, the National Energy Administration data show that in the first quarter of this year, the national abandonment of wind power and abandonment rate achieved "double down." The industry believes that in the context of accelerating the development of offshore wind power and distributed wind power this year, and continuing to promote the issue of renewable energy consumption, the wind power industry may be reversing.

After years of steady development, China's offshore wind power has basically met large-scale development conditions, both in terms of resources that can be developed and technical policies. The reporter learned that Fujian Province plans to install more than 2 million kilowatts of offshore wind power by the end of 2020. Guangdong Province has planned 23 offshore wind farm sites in the province with a total installed capacity of 66.85 million kilowatts. Jiangsu plans to build a total of 3.5 million kilowatts of offshore wind power projects by 2020. At present, these regions are actively improving supporting policies for the development of offshore wind power.

At the same time, decentralized wind power is also considered to be the next focus of the development of the wind power industry. Qin Haiyan, secretary-general of the Wind Energy Professional Committee of the China Renewable Energy Society, said that during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the shift of China's wind power development focus to the southern part of the Middle East has become an inevitable trend. However, the terrain of these areas is complex, mostly mountainous and hilly, and there are fewer and fewer areas for centralized development. Large-scale development models are becoming less and less useful, and future decentralized development will become one of the main modes.

"For the moment, to truly develop distributed wind power, we must also solve the practical problems of complicated approval process, unclear grid access requirements, difficult financing, and more difficult land acquisition," Qin Haiyan added.

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