For those who work in the field of security monitoring, no matter who they are, I am afraid that when they enter the industry, they are confused by a pile of dazzling data. What kind of camera is a good camera? What kind of imaging standards can meet our shooting requirements? Or what kind of lens can guarantee better imaging quality? Perhaps this is a professional issue that plagues a new security guard. Here, we use the camera's main performance indicators to meticulously recognize some features of the camera to help security personnel better judge the characteristics of a camera.

Pixel values

The pixels are tiny photosensitive materials mounted on the imaging device. The more pixels there are, the higher the image resolution and the clearer it is. Therefore, the number of pixels is a major indicator of camera imaging quality. Because the camera's working principle is very different from that of a camera, there is also a distinction between “dynamic pixels” and “static pixels”. Therefore, unlike cameras, the configurations of millions or even tens of millions of pixels are different. Under normal circumstances, ordinary The camera's number of pixels reaches 40W to meet the basic shooting requirements. For high-definition cameras, 200W pixels can also meet the shooting needs of special circumstances.

Horizontal resolution

Horizontal resolution is a measure of image clarity and is usually expressed in lines (ie TV lines, TVL). One television line is 1.33 pixels when interlaced. In the surveillance camera, both the pixel value and the horizontal resolution are the main indicators for measuring the sharpness of the picture. Under normal circumstances, only the horizontal definition index exceeds 1080i (2 million pixels) and 720p (92 million pixels) can be called high-definition imaging.

Minimum illumination

Minimum illumination, also known as sensitivity, is a method of measuring camera light sensitivity. To put it bluntly, surveillance cameras can see images in dark conditions. Its imaging effect is related to the aperture of the lens. In fact, the representation of the minimum illumination allows us to judge very well. For example, when we use the F1.2 lens, if the shooting ambient brightness is as low as 0.04lx, the camera output video signal amplitude is 50% of the maximum amplitude, that is to reach 350mV, so the minimum illumination of this camera is It is 0.04lx/F1.2. In general, a camera with a minimum illumination less than 0.lx/F1.2 can be called a camera with a low illumination function.

Camera target

The imaging target plane is also referred to as a scanning area, that is, the size of the imaging device. The current target size is expressed in inches, which is the diagonal length of the image sensor. To date, the camera target has gradually progressed from 1/2 inch to 1/4 inch. Although theoretically, the smaller the size of the target surface is, the higher the content is, but compared with the 1/4-inch target surface, 1/2 inch has more light passing, and the 1/4-inch device has Greater depth of field, therefore, the specific merit depends on the shooting environment.

Criterion scanning system for monitoring camera indicators
This refers to the scan format of the camera output image. The international scan format is usually PAL or NTSC. It is usually PAL system in our country. The standard is 625 lines and 25 frames per second (25fps). The United States, Japan and other countries implement the NTSC system (29.97fps). Its size affects the playback speed of the picture.

Lens installation method

The lens installation method is divided into C and CS modes. The difference between the two is that the distance to the photosensitive surface is different. The CS model (17.5mm) is an upgraded version of the C model (12.5mm). Its advantages are low cost manufacturing and reduced sensor size. The camera's interface is generally CS type.

Signal to noise ratio

Signal to noise ratio usually refers to the ratio between the camera output image signal and the interference signal. The higher the SNR, the clearer the imaging effect. In general, the SNR is 46dB. If the signal-to-noise ratio exceeds 50, then the imaging results will generally be very good.

Let the camera a wide dynamic <br> <br> wide dynamic range in contrast has a very strong light environment clear image and the use of a technology. Exposure twice at the same time, and then synthesized so that you can see the bright and dark objects on the screen at the same time. The subjective brightness difference between the background picture and the subject picture is greatly reduced, but the picture quality is guaranteed. It is of great help to users who have shooting environments with strong contrast lighting.

Background light compensation

It is the use of digital signal processing technology, through the automatic adjustment of the "aperture" and "gain" two factors to achieve the best match, in order to solve the problem of strong background light caused by the shadow of the object.

White balance

White balance is a very important concept in the field of video camera. Through it, it can solve a series of problems in color reproduction and tone processing and improve the authenticity of the picture.

In fact, like the computer and other digital products, the above points are also the main factors that determine the quality of surveillance camera imaging. When we select the camera, as long as we pay attention to these issues, we can basically have a clearer understanding of the camera's imaging effect and application environment, so as to help us make the right choice.

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